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风投资金怎么占股_从古达白话翻译的署名争议入手

个人与企业贷款怎样交税

    让我们从一个大V信誉的“垮掉”开始说起。1月4日,微博电影博主@a土人 (以下简称土人)表示,之?#30333;?#24049;与谷大白话合作翻译了汤姆·汉克?#39038;?#33879;的《天才打字机》一书,其中自己翻译了11章,谷大白话只翻译了1章,自己的两个朋友也参与了翻译工作。但封面与版权页上的译者均只有谷大白话一个人,自己仅被列为护封折口上的“助理译者”。她认为,在自己完成了大部分翻译工作并明确提出要署名的前提下,无法?#37038;?#29616;在的情况。图源@a土人 微博1月6日,谷大白话发长文介绍了自己与土人过往的合作经历,表示此前的视频翻译不署名是提前说好的,自己有支付费用,但书没正式署名确实是自己的错。自己在去年11月末时曾尝试修改署名,但未能成功。7日晚间,《天才打字机》的出版方中信出版集团发布了声明,决定暂停该书销售。谷大白?#30333;?#21457;该声明表示,自己将承担书籍召回的费用;所有稿费都会交给土人和她朋友们;去掉自己的署名,让土人和她朋友们跟出版社重新签合同,重新走出版流程。通过微博联系到土人,她表示自己的声明中所说均属实,目前想进一步解决问题,已与出版社联系但尚未细谈,目前不愿?#37038;?#37319;访。中信方回复称,目前正在沟通,希望妥善解决这件事,一切等集团的后续发布。经此一事,拥有超过1200万粉丝的大V“谷大白话”的信誉度确实颇受打击。尽管谷大白?#30333;?#32456;的解决态度较为诚恳,但其清理大量网友非恶意评论、在声明微博最后进行抽奖(后其编辑该条微博删除了抽奖内容)、出版社声明与自己的声明内容前后矛盾等等事情还是令不少粉丝“脱粉”,负评不断。大V认错、原译者得?#25509;?#35770;支持、署名纠纷正在解决过程中,一切?#27492;普?#22312;朝结局走去。宕开一笔,本文想讨论的是,谷大白话的翻译署名纠纷告诉我们,翻译这碗饭到底有多么难吃——不仅口多食寡,还有些难以下咽。译者,穷、难、累国家版权局2014年9月29日发布的《使用文字作?#20998;?#20184;报酬办法》显示,翻译稿酬为每千字50~200元。?#37038;?#37319;访的两位翻译出版行业从业人士均表示,近五年过去,如今的翻译稿酬依旧在这个价格区间中。《天才打字机》的版权页显示,本书字数?#24067;?10千字,也就是说译者所能拿到的稿酬约为10500元~42000元。与译者在查资料、推敲用字、进行核实?#30830;?#38754;下的功夫相比,无论从哪个纬度来衡量,这?#26102;?#37228;都不能算丰厚。更何况,尽管稿酬有30%的减征额,其税率还是高达20%。开了20多年商业翻译公司的叶志远在自己微博里把中国图书翻译的现状总结为“竞争激烈、出书快、稿酬低、译著质量差、?#20284;?#38271;、优秀译者少”。他的公司只承接商业用途的翻译服务,基本不接图书翻译。他表示,出版社?#19981;?#25214;自由译者或兼职译者,不太?#19981;?#36319;翻译公司打交道,因为出版社给译者的稿酬?#20572;?#26356;可以用“给署名权”作为条件来?#27807;?#35793;者稿酬。部分年轻译者希望获得署名权而?#37038;?#20302;稿酬,多是出于积累名望、事?#20826;?#26524;的考量。就职于国内一家知名出版公司的出版人宋晓则表示,译者享受署名权是天经地义的,虽然听说过“用署名权来压稿酬”的传闻,但随着翻译需求量不断增大,他怀疑如今用这一招来压价是行不通的。而他自己在五年前也曾是个译者,当时与五个译者合译,每人100页,稿酬很?#20572;?#21482;有75元每千字。“但是是关于人工智能的,我就当是我自己的学习经历,毕竟那本书我?#19981;丁!?#23435;晓说。由此可见,图书翻译,确实有些“用爱发电”的意味。部分网友评论与热爱、梦想形成对照的,是从翻译完成到拿到稿酬之间极长的?#20284;凇?#34892;?#30340;?#30340;激烈竞争。?#35805;?#26469;说,书籍只有出版后才发稿酬,如果书最后出不来,翻译就等于白干了。也有出版社与译者之间签署定期、分批付款的协议,但?#20284;?#36890;常都较长。此外,叶志?#26029;?#36879;露,图书策划、出版、印刷等?#26041;?#37117;高度市场化,谁能拿到名人的翻译版权、谁能最快推出中译本,谁就能得到大销量,在这种情况下,出版社对译者速度的要求自然更高。除了速度上的要求,译文字数的计算也在?#25345;?#31243;度上消磨着译者对翻译质量的?#38750;蟆?#21338;主@甜喵凛凛 在微博上说——拿日译中为例,正常?#21069;?#21407;文字数在word里计。比如千字80,一段日文原文刚好一千字,译成中文后不管缩到多少字(同语意下中文字数必然少)都该给80块钱,?#27426;?#22825;朝基本?#21069;?#35793;后字数算。所以,80块是拿不到的,所以,很多译者宁愿行文?#20139;场?#20986;版社要求高速度,译者稿酬低、交期紧、收款慢,于是译作质量逐渐下滑,许多优秀译者因而转行,导致翻译质量再受打击。恶性循环,由此而生。用爱发电,一辈子?#20811;?#26195;对说:“现在大家都说,如果不是真爱,没人愿意翻译书。”但用爱发电显然不是件一辈子的事,否则不会有那么多译者失望转行,再也不愿抗下图书翻译这件苦差事。和中国相比,?#35775;?#32763;译行业给予译者的报酬丰厚得多。叶志远还给算了?#25910;剩好?#22269;出版社给的报酬约为1050~2100元/英文单词?#35805;?#20013;国50~200元/千中文字的稿酬换算一下,约为100~400元/千英文单词。两相对比,能拉开5~10倍的差距。待遇的高低不仅体现在稿酬上。宋晓表示,他认识的一位美国译者,把中国小说翻译成英语,翻译得不错,还曾被邀请去法兰克福书展。面对翻译这碗难吃的饭,中国图书译者显得?#28909;?#21183;,又可怜。应受访者要求,宋晓为化名,其就职公司亦应要求隐去名称。

rang wo men cong yi ge da V xin yu de" kua diao" kai shi shuo qi. 1 yue 4 ri, wei bo dian ying bo zhu a tu ren yi xia jian cheng tu ren biao shi, zhi qian zi ji yu gu da bai hua he zuo fan yi le tang mu han ke si suo zhe de tian cai da zi ji yi shu, qi zhong zi ji fan yi le 11 zhang, gu da bai hua zhi fan yi le 1 zhang, zi ji de liang ge peng you ye can yu le fan yi gong zuo. dan feng mian yu ban quan ye shang de yi zhe jun zhi you gu da bai hua yi ge ren, zi ji jin bei lie wei hu feng zhe kou shang de" zhu li yi zhe". ta ren wei, zai zi ji wan cheng le da bu fen fan yi gong zuo bing ming que ti chu yao shu ming de qian ti xia, wu fa jie shou xian zai de qing kuang. tu yuan a tu ren wei bo 1 yue 6 ri, gu da bai hua fa zhang wen jie shao le zi ji yu tu ren guo wang de he zuo jing li, biao shi ci qian de shi pin fan yi bu shu ming shi ti qian shuo hao de, zi ji you zhi fu fei yong, dan shu mei zheng shi shu ming que shi shi zi ji de cuo. zi ji zai qu nian 11 yue mo shi ceng chang shi xiu gai shu ming, dan wei neng cheng gong. 7 ri wan jian, tian cai da zi ji de chu ban fang zhong xin chu ban ji tuan fa bu le sheng ming, jue ding zan ting gai shu xiao shou. gu da bai hua zhuan fa gai sheng ming biao shi, zi ji jiang cheng dan shu ji zhao hui de fei yong suo you gao fei dou hui jiao gei tu ren he ta peng you men qu diao zi ji de shu ming, rang tu ren he ta peng you men gen chu ban she chong xin qian he tong, chong xin zou chu ban liu cheng. tong guo wei bo lian xi dao tu ren, ta biao shi zi ji de sheng ming zhong suo shuo jun shu shi, mu qian xiang jin yi bu jie jue wen ti, yi yu chu ban she lian xi dan shang wei xi tan, mu qian bu yuan jie shou cai fang. zhong xin fang hui fu cheng, mu qian zheng zai gou tong, xi wang tuo shan jie jue zhe jian shi, yi qie deng ji tuan de hou xu fa bu. jing ci yi shi, yong you chao guo 1200 wan fen si de da V" gu da bai hua" de xin yu du que shi po shou da ji. jin guan gu da bai hua zui zhong de jie jue tai du jiao wei cheng ken, dan qi qing li da liang wang you fei e yi ping lun zai sheng ming wei bo zui hou jin xing chou jiang hou qi bian ji gai tiao wei bo shan chu le chou jiang nei rong chu ban she sheng ming yu zi ji de sheng ming nei rong qian hou mao dun deng deng shi qing hai shi ling bu shao fen si" tuo fen", fu ping bu duan. da V ren cuo yuan yi zhe de dao yu lun zhi chi shu ming jiu fen zheng zai jie jue guo cheng zhong, yi qie kan si zheng zai chao jie ju zou qu. dang kai yi bi, ben wen xiang tao lun de shi, gu da bai hua de fan yi shu ming jiu fen gao su wo men, fan yi zhe wan fan dao di you duo me nan chi bu jin kou duo shi gua, hai you xie nan yi xia yan. yi zhe, qiong nan lei guo jia ban quan ju 2014 nian 9 yue 29 ri fa bu de shi yong wen zi zuo pin zhi fu bao chou ban fa xian shi, fan yi gao chou wei mei qian zi 50 200 yuan. jie shou cai fang de liang wei fan yi chu ban hang ye cong ye ren shi jun biao shi, jin wu nian guo qu, ru jin de fan yi gao chou yi jiu zai zhe ge jia ge qu jian zhong. tian cai da zi ji de ban quan ye xian shi, ben shu zi shu gong ji 210 qian zi, ye jiu shi shuo yi zhe suo neng na dao de gao chou yue wei 10500 yuan 42000 yuan. yu yi zhe zai cha zi liao tui qiao yong zi jin xing he shi deng fang mian xia de gong fu xiang bi, wu lun cong nei ge wei du lai heng liang, zhe bi bao chou dou bu neng suan feng hou. geng he kuang, jin guan gao chou you 30 de jian zheng e, qi shui lv hai shi gao da 20. kai le 20 duo nian shang ye fan yi gong si de ye zhi yuan zai zi ji wei bo li ba zhong guo tu shu fan yi de xian zhuang zong jie wei" jing zheng ji lie chu shu kuai gao chou di yi zhu zhi liang cha zhang qi zhang you xiu yi zhe shao". ta de gong si zhi cheng jie shang ye yong tu de fan yi fu wu, ji ben bu jie tu shu fan yi. ta biao shi, chu ban she xi huan zhao zi you yi zhe huo jian zhi yi zhe, bu tai xi huan gen fan yi gong si da jiao dao, yin wei chu ban she gei yi zhe de gao chou di, geng ke yi yong" gei shu ming quan" zuo wei tiao jian lai ya di yi zhe gao chou. bu fen nian qing yi zhe xi wang huo de shu ming quan er jie shou di gao chou, duo shi chu yu ji lei ming wang shi ye cheng guo de kao liang. jiu zhi yu guo nei yi jia zhi ming chu ban gong si de chu ban ren song xiao ze biao shi, yi zhe xiang shou shu ming quan shi tian jing di yi de, sui ran ting shuo guo" yong shu ming quan lai ya gao chou" de chuan wen, dan sui zhe fan yi xu qiu liang bu duan zeng da, ta huai yi ru jin yong zhe yi zhao lai ya jia shi xing bu tong de. er ta zi ji zai wu nian qian ye zeng shi ge yi zhe, dang shi yu wu ge yi zhe he yi, mei ren 100 ye, gao chou hen di, zhi you 75 yuan mei qian zi." dan shi shi guan yu ren gong zhi neng de, wo jiu dang shi wo zi ji de xue xi jing li, bi jing na ben shu wo xi huan." song xiao shuo. you ci ke jian, tu shu fan yi, que shi you xie" yong ai fa dian" de yi wei. bu fen wang you ping lun yu re ai meng xiang xing cheng dui zhao de, shi cong fan yi wan cheng dao na dao gao chou zhi jian ji zhang de zhang qi hang ye nei de ji lie jing zheng. yi ban lai shuo, shu ji zhi you chu ban hou cai fa gao chou, ru guo shu zui hou chu bu lai, fan yi jiu deng yu bai gan le. ye you chu ban she yu yi zhe zhi jian qian shu ding qi fen pi fu kuan de xie yi, dan zhang qi tong chang dou jiao chang. ci wai, ye zhi yuan xiang tou lu, tu shu ce hua chu ban yin shua deng huan jie dou gao du shi chang hua, shui neng na dao ming ren de fan yi ban quan shui neng zui kuai tui chu zhong yi ben, shui jiu neng de dao da xiao liang, zai zhe zhong qing kuang xia, chu ban she dui yi zhe su du de yao qiu zi ran geng gao. chu le su du shang de yao qiu, yi wen zi shu de ji suan ye zai mou zhong cheng du shang xiao mo zhe yi zhe dui fan yi zhi liang de zhui qiu. bo zhu tian miao lin lin zai wei bo shang shuo na ri yi zhong wei li, zheng chang shi an yuan wen zi shu zai word li ji. bi ru qian zi 80, yi duan ri wen yuan wen gang hao yi qian zi, yi cheng zhong wen hou bu guan suo dao duo shao zi tong yu yi xia zhong wen zi shu bi ran shao dou gai gei 80 kuai qian, ran er tian chao ji ben shi an yi hou zi shu suan. suo yi, 80 kuai shi na bu dao de, suo yi, hen duo yi zhe ning yuan xing wen tuo ta. chu ban she yao qiu gao su du, yi zhe gao chou di jiao qi jin shou kuan man, yu shi yi zuo zhi liang zhu jian xia hua, xu duo you xiu yi zhe yin er zhuan hang, dao zhi fan yi zhi liang zai shou da ji. e xing xun huan, you ci er sheng. yong ai fa dian, yi bei zi? song xiao dui shuo:" xian zai da jia dou shuo, ru guo bu shi zhen ai, mei ren yuan yi fan yi shu." dan yong ai fa dian xian ran bu shi jian yi bei zi de shi, fou ze bu hui you na me duo yi zhe shi wang zhuan hang, zai ye bu yuan kang xia tu shu fan yi zhe jian ku chai shi. he zhong guo xiang bi, ou mei fan yi hang ye ji yu yi zhe de bao chou feng hou de duo. ye zhi yuan huan gei suan le bi zhang: mei guo chu ban she gei de bao chou yue wei 1050 2100 yuan ying wen dan ci ba zhong guo 50 200 yuan qian zhong wen zi de gao chou huan suan yi xia, yue wei 100 400 yuan qian ying wen dan ci. liang xiang dui bi, neng la kai 5 10 bei de cha ju. dai yu de gao di bu jin ti xian zai gao chou shang. song xiao biao shi, ta ren shi de yi wei mei guo yi zhe, ba zhong guo xiao shuo fan yi cheng ying yu, fan yi de bu cuo, hai ceng bei yao qing qu fa lan ke fu shu zhan. mian dui fan yi zhe wan nan chi de fan, zhong guo tu shu yi zhe xian de ji ruo shi, you ke lian. ying shou fang zhe yao qiu, song xiao wei hua ming, qi jiu zhi gong si yi ying yao qiu yin qu ming cheng.

    

    

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